Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Orang Dewasa Serta Upaya Pencegahan Dan Penanggulangannya Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bukit Surungan Kota Padang Panjang

MARIA NOVA

Abstract


Obesity Data in Padang Panjang obtained each health center known Bukit Surungan Health Center has highest incidence of obesity is 38%. This study aimed to analyze the factors related with obesity in adults and prevention in Bukit Surungan Health Center Padang Panjang City.

This type of research is concurrent embedded, quantitative research is cross sectional study and qualitative research using Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The study population was all respondents aged over 30 years in Bukit Surungan Health Center Padang Panjang City. Sample of 146 people. Sampling was done by multistage sampling technique. Data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate with multiple regresi logistic.

The results of the bivariate analysis it is known that there are differences between the mean respondent of age, total energy intake, carbohydrates, and fats with obesity (p value <0,05), there were significant relationship between the level of knowledge and physical activity with obesity (p value <0, 05). While the variable job is not associated with the incidence of obesity. Multivariate analysis known dominant factor with the incidence of obesity is the total energy intake with a value of odds ratio (OR) 1,1.

The study concluded there are differences in mean age, total energy intake, carbohydrates, and fats with obesity, there are relationship between knowledge and physical activity with obesity and total energy intake as the dominant factor for obesity. The need for preventing and addressing the problem of obesity in adulthood need to increase healthy lifestyles and frequency of counseling about obesity is done either at the health center level and households and the information given more emphasis in consumption patterns at home to go on a diet low in fat and calories, as well as their where support for the implementation of physical activity in the form of exercise in the morning.

Keywords : Obesity, adults, total energy intake


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